Scientists sharing data: existing databases, improving access, data poor areas

Peter Wiebe (USA)
Peter Pissierssens (Belgium)
Alberto Piola (Argentina) 

Ocean research is fundamentally interdisciplinary, incorporating the biological, physical, and chemical oceanographic sciences with atmospheric and geologic sciences. By its nature, this field produces highly diverse data types that pose unique challenges for management, integration, and analysis. Consequently, the ability to discover, access, and synthesize high quality data from various disciplines is crucial to the future of ocean science and ecosystem management. In anticipation of large, international programs in support of future ocean science, it is imperative to have well established, openly accessible data repositories to provide access to observational, experimental, and modeling data that these new programs will produce. The objectives of this workshop are to highlight the current status of data management in support of ocean science, identify barriers preventing efficient use of data and tools, and identify existing and critically needed data, products, and tools essential to forming a robust cyberinfrastructure for the community now and in the future. The interoperability of multiple databases is essential for integrated governance and ecosystem assessments and this workshop will provide a forum for the presentation of ideas on how to make this possible.

Case studies of new mechanisms for improving ocean governance

Oran Young (Norway)
Larry Hildebrand (Sweden)

As human activities grow, sectoral approaches to ocean governance featuring distinct arrangements for fishing, shipping, energy development, the conservation of marine mammals are becoming inadequate. Many needs for governance also transcend the boundaries of coastal state jurisdiction. Some issues (e.g. the impact of ocean acidification) are global in scope. There is a need for enhanced collaboration between practitioners and social scientists to devise innovative governance mechanisms to address these concerns. This workshop will draw on efforts underway in several large marine ecosystems and under the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Trans-boundary Waters Programme as a means of identifying the strengths and weaknesses of new approaches to ocean governance.

One ocean: the global circulation and interconnected ecosystems

Erik van Sebille (Australia)
Janet Sprintall (USA)

It is often convenient to study ocean processes and marine ecosystems on a regional basis. This approach allows a more detailed examination of the interaction of site-specific features. However, it can obscure the global connectedness of the ocean. This multi-disciplinary workshop will highlight advances in our knowledge of global ocean pathways and explore connections between ecosystems along these paths.

Genes to ecosystems: genomic tools to understand ecosystem function

Xabier Irigoyen (Saudi Arabia)
Ann Bucklin (USA)

The genomic revolution that is shaking life sciences is impacting many areas of marine science. Most of the work being conducted is either population genetics or taxonomy and species distributions using genomics. However the tools available have a much higher potential to increase our insight in the marine ecosystem functioning. Obviously accurate species distributions can be used to answer important questions in theoretical ecology. But tools like transcriptomics can tell us not only what organisms are there but also what they are doing. A comparison between metagenomes and metatranscriptomes provides information between the potential and the realization of different metabolic pathways. Potentially the transcriptome can be used to measure specific processes and fluxes in the ecosystems. The objective of this workshop is to discuss the potential of the new tools and potential ways to better exploit the information they provide in terms of understanding the ecosystem function.

Global reporting of assessments of the status of marine environments

Julian Barbiere (France)
Juan Bellas (Spain)

The ocean plays a critical role in regulating the global climate, supporting human well-being, providing food, livelihoods and recreational opportunities. Sustainable management aimed at maintaining the flow of a broad range of benefits from the ocean requires comprehensive and quantitative methods to measure and monitor, on a regular basis, the health of coupled human–ocean systems. Several international organizations and science-policy interfaces have been established as a foundation to address these needs such as the World Ocean Assessment (WOA), the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) and the Ocean Health Index. This workshop will focus on the importance of the science-policy interfaces and the existing international - regional and global - reporting processes. We will discuss the problems we face, the barriers to break down in order to implement these scientific-policy interfaces and international commitments embracing integrated ocean and coastal management for a safer, cleaner and prosperous ocean.

Achievements and future research on micro-plastics in the marine environment

Peter Kershaw (UK)
Richard Thompson (UK)
Alexander Turra (Brasil)

Microplastics are a source of pollution that is being recently addressed to understand their sources, fates, and impacts. Since every plastic in the ocean will be eroded and degraded and will become a microplastic at a given time, one can imagine the amount of these tiny particles (<1mm) in the future. The smaller the particle is, the higher the variety of organisms that can uptake them. This workshop will census the amount of information available, discuss future research and international collaborations.

How is your ecosystem doing? Advances in the use and understanding of ecosystem indicators

Lynne Shannon (South Africa)
William Dennison (USA) 

Ecosystem indicators are increasingly being used for management purposes. They serve as proxies to measure the response of ecosystem properties to anthropogenic stressors such as fishing and pollution. However, it is not clear how rigorously indicators are selected and or how well their behaviour and response to pressure is understood? The aim of this workshop is to explore advances in the use and understanding of indicator behaviour with a focus on modelling and comparative studies, and their potential to inform oceans management in the future.

Promoting Communication within the early career Marine scientists

Mike Roman (USA)
Vangelis Papathanassiou (Greece)
Stefania Klayn (Greece)

The main goal of the Workshop is to give the opportunity to young scientists to present their work, discuss issues and perspectives of marine science worldwide and allow young scientists to develop their research communication skills that could support the development of researchers’ capacity to explain their research in language appropriate to a non-specialist audience. The Workshop could provide an opportunity to reinforce the development of networking among young scientists and could facilitate exchange of experience and ideas among young scientist promoting, at the same time, their communication and work capabilities.

European Marine Policy and its implementation through Projects for Marine monitoring for Blue Growth

Paolo Barattini (Italy)
Esther Garcés (Spain) 

The main rationale of the workshop is to inform Research and Policy stake holders on innovative bio-sensors and multifunctional sensors for the monitoring of marine environment which are important for the protection of marine water assets and activities and the investigation of biological and environmental phenomena. The workshop will also present the EU Marine Policy and Directives, and how these can be implemented and supported, and how stakeholders can abide to it, through the use of state of the art sensors and monitoring technologies developed according to the end users requirements. The workshop will include presentations of European projects from the FP7-OCEAN-2013 call related to innovative bio-sensors and multifunctional sensors for monitoring Marine environment.